Hand color tinted photo of Hoyt Axton
Hoyt Wayne Axton (March 25, 1938 – October 26, 1999) was an American country music singer-songwriter, and a film and television actor. He became prominent in the early 1960s, establishing himself on the West Coast as a folk singer with an earthy style and powerful voice. As he matured, some of his songwriting efforts became well known throughout the world. Among them are “Della and the Dealer”, “Joy to the World” (which many know better by its opening lyric, “Jeremiah was a bullfrog!”), and “Greenback Dollar”.
He was born in Duncan, Oklahoma and spent his pre-teen years in Comanche, Oklahoma with his brother, John. His mother, Mae Boren Axton, co-wrote the classic rock ‘n’ roll song “Heartbreak Hotel”, which became the first major hit for Elvis Presley. Some of Hoyt Axton’s own songs were also later recorded by Elvis. Hoyt Axton’s father, John T. Axton, was a Navy officer stationed in Jacksonville, Florida; the family joined him there in 1949. Axton graduated from Robert E. Lee High School in 1956 and left town after Knauer’s Hardware burned down on graduation night, a prank gone wrong. Axton attended Oklahoma State for a short length of time before following his father and enlisting in the Navy. Axton served aboard the USS Ranger, before pursuing a music career.
After his discharge from the Navy on the west coast, he began singing folk songs in San Francisco nightclubs. In the early 1960s he released his first folk album titled The Balladeer (recorded at the legendary Troubadour), which included his song “Greenback Dollar”, a 1963 hit for The Kingston Trio. Axton released numerous albums well into the 1980s, changing somewhat with the times but always retaining an honest, down-home and fairly “country” approach to his music. Axton had many minor singing hits of his own, such as “Boney Fingers” (“Work your fingers to the bone, what do you get? Boney fingers, boney fingers”), “When the Morning Comes”, and 1979’s “Della and the Dealer as well as Jealous Man” (which he sang in a guest appearance on WKRP in Cincinnati). His vocal style featured his distinctive bass-baritone (which later deepened to near-bass) and use of characterization: at times gritty and defiant, other times exceptionally mellow, occasionally deliberately cartoonish. One song, “Officer Ray”, is styled in self-parody, as Axton softly croons curses at a sadistic police officer that would seem more likely to come from the narrator of “The Pusher”: “Officer Ray / …. / May you have a bad day /May the rats eat your mail/ May your testicles fail/ May your wife run away / With a hippie.”
But his most lasting contributions were songs made famous by others: “Joy to the World” and “Never Been to Spain” (Three Dog Night), the previously mentioned “Greenback Dollar” (Kingston Trio), “The Pusher” and “Snowblind Friend” (Steppenwolf), “No-No Song” (Ringo Starr), and an array of others, covered by singers such as Joan Baez, John Denver, Waylon Jennings, and Anne Murray. Axton also sang a couple of notable duets with Linda Ronstadt, including “Lion in Winter” and “When the Morning Comes” (a top 40 country hit). His most popular and signature song, “Joy to the World”, as performed by Three Dog Night, was number 1 on the charts for six straight weeks in 1971, making it the top hit of the year.
Axton first appeared on television in a David L. Wolper ABC production of The Story of a Folksinger (1963). In 1965, he appeared in an episode of Bonanza, then followed with other TV roles over the years. As he matured, Axton as an actor specialized in playing good ol’ boys on television and in films. His face became well-known in the 1970s and 1980s through many TV and film appearances, such as in the movies Gremlins and The Black Stallion. He sang the jingle “Head For the Mountains” in the Busch beer commercials in the 1980s (and also “The Ballad of Big Mac”, touting the recently released McDonald’s Big Mac on screen in a 1969 commercial he filmed for the hamburger franchise).
Axton spent some time struggling with cocaine addiction and several of his songs, including “The Pusher”, “Snowblind Friend”, and “No-No Song”, partly reflect his negative drug experiences. He had been known as an opponent of drug use for many years when, in February 1997, he and his wife were arrested at their Montana home for possession of approximately 500 grams of marijuana, a little over a pound. His wife explained later that she offered Axton marijuana to relieve pain and stress following a 1995 stroke; both were fined and given deferred sentences.
Axton never fully recovered from his stroke, and still had to use a wheelchair much of the time. His mother, Mae, drowned in a hot tub at her Tennessee home in 1997. Hoyt Axton died of a heart attack in Victor, Montana, on October 26, 1999, at the age of 61. Axton had suffered a severe heart attack two weeks earlier and experienced another one while undergoing surgery in Montana.
On November 1, 2007 he and his mother were inducted posthumously to the Oklahoma Music Hall of Fame in Muskogee, Oklahoma.