Hand Color tinted photo of Iron Shell a Sicangu Brule Sioux Native American 1872
Iron Shell was a Sicangu Brule Native American.
The Brulé are one of the seven branches or bands (sometimes called “sub-tribes”) of the Teton (Titonwan) Lakota Sioux American Indian nation. They are known as Sičháŋǧu Oyáte (in Lakota), or “Burnt Thighs Nation,” and so, were called Brulé (lit. “burnt”) by the French. (The name may have derived from an incident where they were fleeing through a grass fire on the plains.) Many Sicangu people live on the Rosebud Indian Reservation in Southwestern South Dakota, with a small population living on the Lower Brule Indian Reservation, on the west bank of the Missouri River. The two tribes are completely independent of each other, politically.
The Sioux /ˈsuː/ are groups of Native American tribes and First Nations peoples in North America. The term can refer to any ethnic group within the Great Sioux Nation or to any of the nation’s many language
dialects. The Sioux comprise three major divisions based on language divisions: the Dakota, Lakota, and Nakota.
The Santee Dakota (Isáŋyathi; “Knife”) reside in the extreme east of the Dakotas, Minnesota and northern Iowa. The Yankton and Yanktonai Dakota (Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋ and Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋna; “Village-at-the-end” and
“Little village-at-the-end”), collectively also referred to by the endonym Wičhíyena, reside in the Minnesota River area. They are considered to be the middle Sioux, and have in the past been erroneously
classified as Nakota. The actual Nakota are the Assiniboine and Stoney of Western Canada and Montana. The Lakota, also called Teton (Thítȟuŋwaŋ; possibly “Dwellers on the prairie”), are the westernmost
Sioux, known for their hunting and warrior culture.
Today, the Sioux maintain many separate tribal governments scattered across several reservations, communities, and reserves in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Minnesota, and Montana in the United
States; and Manitoba, southern Saskatchewan, and Alberta in Canada.